Sterling Savvy

What Is a Pip in Forex?

what is a pip in forex

In the fast-paced world of forex trading, understanding the concept of a pip is essential.

A pip, short for “percentage in point,” represents the smallest price movement in a currency pair.

In this article, we delve into the significance of pips in forex trading and how they impact your profit and loss calculations.

What Is a Pip in Forex?

A pip, short for “percentage in point,” is a unit of measurement used in forex trading to represent the smallest price movement in a currency pair.

It is typically the fourth decimal place in most major currency pairs.

For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.2500 to 1.2501, it is a one-pip movement.

Understanding pips is crucial for calculating profits and losses, determining entry and exit points, and managing risk in forex trading.

What Is a Pipette in Forex?

In forex trading, a pipette, also known as a fractional pip or pip decimal, is a smaller unit of measurement compared to a pip.

While a pip represents the fourth decimal place in most currency pairs, a pipette represents the fifth decimal place.

It allows for a more precise measurement of price movements. For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.25000 to 1.25001, it is a one-pipette movement.

Pipettes are especially useful when trading in currency pairs with tighter spreads or for traders who require greater precision in their trade analysis and risk management.

How to Calculate the Value of a Pip?

Calculating the value of a pip is essential for risk management and profit calculations in forex trading.

To calculate the value of a pip in a four-decimal currency pair, you can use the following formula: Pip value = (0.0001 x trade amount) / spot price.

This calculation helps determine the monetary worth of each pip in your trade. Additionally, you have the option to convert the pip value back into the base currency of your trading account for convenience and clarity.

Here’s how you can calculate the value of any pip:

  1. Determine the currency pair: Identify the currency pair you are trading. For example, EUR/USD.
  2. Identify the lot size: Determine the lot size you are trading. The standard lot size is 100,000 units, but there are also mini lots (10,000 units) and micro lots (1,000 units).
  3. Know the pip value for your lot size: The pip value varies depending on the currency pair and the lot size. Major currency pairs, when trading in a standard lot, typically have a pip value of $10.
  4. Adjust for different lot sizes: If you are trading mini lots, the pip value would be $1, and for micro lots, it would be $0.10. Adjust the pip value accordingly based on your lot size.
  5. Consider the currency of your trading account: If your trading account is denominated in a different currency than the base currency of the currency pair you are trading, you may need to convert the pip value into your account currency.

By following these steps, you can calculate the value of a pip accurately and apply it to risk management and profit calculations in your forex trades.

How to Use Pips in Forex Trading?

Pips are an essential tool for forex traders to measure price movements, calculate profits and losses, set stop-loss and take-profit levels, and determine entry and exit points.

Here’s how you can use pips in forex trading:

  • Price analysis: Analyse currency pairs to identify potential trading opportunities based on price movements measured in pips. Monitor charts, trends, and technical indicators to spot favorable setups.
  • Determine position size: Use pips to determine the appropriate position size based on your risk tolerance and the distance to your stop-loss level. Consider how many pips you are willing to risk on a trade to define your position size accordingly.
  • Set stop-loss & take-profit levels: Set stop-loss and take-profit orders based on the number of pips you are willing to risk or target. These levels help manage risk and secure profits by automatically closing positions when specific price levels are reached.
  • Calculate profits & losses: Measure your trading performance by calculating profits and losses in pips. This allows you to assess the success of your trades and adjust your strategies accordingly.
  • Monitor pip movement: Keep track of the number of pips a currency pair moves in your favor or against your position. This information helps you make informed decisions on when to exit a trade or adjust your stop-loss and take-profit levels.

Understanding how to use pips effectively in forex trading enables you to analyse, plan, and execute trades with precision, allowing for better risk management and potential profitability.

What Causes Pip Values to Change?

Several factors can cause pip values to change in forex trading. Here are some key influences:

  • Currency Pair: Different currency pairs have varying pip values due to their exchange rate fluctuations. Pairs with higher volatility tend to have larger pip values.
  • Lot Size: Pip values are directly impacted by the size of the trading position. Larger lot sizes result in higher pip values, while smaller lot sizes have lower pip values.
  • Exchange Rate: Pip values are influenced by changes in exchange rates. As currency prices fluctuate, the pip value in terms of the account currency may increase or decrease.
  • Account Currency: The currency in which your trading account is denominated affects pip values. If your account currency is different from the base currency of the pair being traded, pip values must be converted accordingly.
  • Leverage: The use of leverage amplifies both profits and losses. Higher leverage can increase the potential pip value, leading to larger gains or losses.

Video Answer – What Is a Pip?

Final Thoughts

Understanding the concept of a pip is essential for successful forex trading.

Pips serve as a measurement of price movement, determining profits and losses.

By mastering the concept of pips, traders can make informed decisions, manage risk, and maximize their trading strategies.


How much is 1 pip in forex?

The value of 1 pip in forex depends on the currency pair being traded and the lot size. In general, for standard lots, 1 pip is typically worth $10 in major currency pairs. However, the value can vary based on the specific currency pair and lot size being traded. It’s important to calculate the pip value accurately to manage risk and make informed trading decisions.

Can you make 20 pips a day in forex?

Making 20 pips a day in forex is achievable and has been a target for many traders. However, it’s important to note that the ability to consistently achieve this target depends on various factors, including market conditions, trading strategy, risk management, and individual trading skills. While some traders may consistently make 20 pips a day, it may not be realistic or attainable for everyone. It’s crucial to focus on developing a sound trading plan and adapting strategies to market conditions rather than fixating on a specific pip target.

How many pips a day do forex traders make?

The number of pips forex traders make per day varies greatly and is influenced by individual trading styles, strategies, and market conditions. Some traders may aim for a few pips per day, while others may target larger moves. It’s important to understand that consistency and profitability in forex trading depend on various factors, including risk management, market analysis, and trading discipline. Successful traders focus on achieving consistent, sustainable profits rather than fixating on a specific number of pips per day.

How many pips should you risk?

The number of pips you should risk in forex trading depends on your individual risk tolerance, trading strategy, and market conditions. Risking too few pips may limit potential profits, while risking too many pips can result in substantial losses. A common approach is to set a predetermined percentage or fixed amount of your trading capital as your risk per trade. This allows you to define a specific number of pips to risk based on your account size and desired risk level. It’s crucial to carefully consider your risk management strategy and set stop-loss orders to limit potential losses and protect your trading capital.

You may also like:

I’m Will! I recently left my job working for one of the UK’s leading financial companies in London to start Sterling Savvy, a place to empower people in the UK financially.


With my experience working with some of the biggest financial services companies in the world and my education in Economics & Finance, I want to help you be more savvy with your money. 


You can read more about my mission here.

Advertiser Disclosure

We may receive compensation from our partners for placement of their products or services, which helps to maintain our site. We may also receive compensation if you click on certain links posted on our site. While compensation arrangements may affect the order, position or placement of product information, it doesn’t influence our assessment of those products.